Sweet And Crumby

Baking, a Love Story

Cookie Baking 101 and Katina’s Greek Crescents

34 Comments

I will start and end this post with my family’s favorite Christmas cookies, Katina’s Greek Crescents. They are made with pecans and dusted with powdered sugar and bite after delicate bite literally melts in your mouth.  I actually never knew Katina, nor really know how she fits into my family’s life. I just know she must have been one heck of a baker and that officially gives her my seal of approval.

Cookies 101

Cookies are not tricky so you may wonder what I could possibly say about making them that would help you? Well, actually if you are an avid baker, I probably have nothing on you. BUT if you are in the group of people who bake a batch now and then and wonder why sometimes they come out great and other times they spread out like pancakes, and why sometimes they are a little tough but other times they are perfectly soft and chewy, well then you have come to the right post my friends.

Here are my own Geni’s  Ten Commandments of Baking…with cookies in mind but will really help with almost all baking.

Fine print: Specific recipe instructions and grandma’s advice always trump anything here.

1) Thou shall only use UNSALTED real butter. Salt is an ingredient. Too much and your batter is too salty, too little and all of the flavors aren’t being amped up enough. So add in the amount of salt called for and don’t make it a guessing game by trying to figure out how much salt is already in your butter. Anything other than real butter is fake and au natural is always healthier and makes a better tasting cookie. Although, SOME recipes call for shortening and then you must use shortening because the texture requires shortening.

2) Thou shalt NEVER, EVER, and I mean EVER melt your butter to a liquid state or even to a mushy state (unless the recipe calls for melted butter). This will kill your batter like no body’s business.  As fat melts, it releases air and moisture that has been trapped during the mixing stage, contributing to the rise of a cookie dough. If you let your butter melt when adding it to your mixture, your batter will be runnier and your cookies will spread out too much.

—-*If you forgot to leave out your butter for an hour before making your recipe, you have my permission to put your butter in a microwave safe dish (not plastic please…let’s make this chemical free butter) and stick it in the microwave for 10-14 seconds depending on your microwave.  Mine happens to be 12 seconds.  Best bet is to do 10 and touch the butter with your finger. If you can leave a fingerprint and its barely soft to the touch, it’s good and done. If it’s not, put it in for another few seconds…just a few!  BTW…Never soften butter for pie dough. The colder the butter, the flakier the crust.

3)Thou shall ALWAYS preheat the oven for at least 15 minutes. In a preheated oven, the released moisture turns into steam. Steam and air expand as the internal temperature of cookie dough or batter increases.  This pushes on the walls of surrounding air cells, increasing both size and volume of cookies. Don’t fall for the propaganda out there (yes there actually is propaganda on this subject) about saving energy and skipping the preheating stage.  That advice is just as forthright as convincing you to buy ocean view property in Wyoming.

4)Thou shall take the cookies out of the oven BEFORE they look completely done UNLESS you like crispy cookies. My dad likes his chocolate chip cookies good and crisp, so mom this does not apply to you.  Those of you who prefer soft and chewy cookies need to take them out when the cookies are just barely firm to the touch. They will continue to bake outside the oven until the internal part of the cookie reaches room temperature. During the cooling period, proteins and starch bond and solidify, making cookies firmer and more rigid.

5) Thou shalt not over mix the batter. This is especially true for pancakes. Creaming the butter with the sugar is perfectly OK and beating it together will allow more air to be worked into your mixture. Air is good. More air, better texture, more fluffy. BUT once you mix the DRY INGREDIENTS into the butter mixture or wet ingredients, gluten starts to form and this will toughen up your cookie.

6) Thou shall always scoop cookie dough onto a COOL COOKIE SHEET. If you take your cookie sheet out of the oven and are now ready for batch two, you cannot just go ahead and scoop away. Your cookies will begin to spread out too quickly and the dough will NOT hold its shape as well. Either have two cookie sheets going, one that’s cool and one that is just coming out of the oven, or simply let your cookie sheet totally cool off…like 10 minutes should be sufficient but honestly two cookie sheets is the best plan of attack.

7.) Thou shall not grease my cookie sheet NOR place aluminum foil on it UNLESS called for in the recipe. Cookies have tons of butter, right? Then they will not stick to the pan and greasing it will make the bottom burn and will cause them to spread out way too much. Aluminum foil will also cause them to spread out a bit more, brown more on the bottom and will cause them to be a bit crisper. If you like all those things, which many do, then in that case foil is A-OK. It does make clean-up easier, however truly parchment is a better option for baking instead. Parchment does not interfere with the cooking and almost nothing sticks to parchment.

8.)I like to call this one, “Are you hot or not?”  Thou shall get a cheap oven thermometer and test the temperature of the oven. This way you know if you are really baking at 350 like you think you are.  Also…if you are using a convection oven (with the convection on) then turn your oven down 25 degrees F below the recommended cooking temperature. The convection causes the temperature to raise a bit and cooking time, even after lowering the temperature, will usually be decreased by a few minutes. The best way to determine cooking time is to check on your cookies five minutes earlier than the recipe says and look for goldenness, edges to turn a bit darker than the middle and for the cookies to look a little firm and then finally  give it the touch test.

9.)Thou shall only bake one cookie sheet in the middle rack of the oven at a time. Yes, it’s faster to put them both in and yes it can be done…see my tips later. BUT if you want perfect cookies they should be baked one sheet only on the middle rack. If you place a sheet below, the one below will ALWAYS cook faster and tend to be darker. To avoid this and still bake two sheets at once, switch the top and bottom one about half-way into the baking time.  This will work but isn’t the best way. But let’s face it, time is of the essence in our fast paced lives. I am fully aware of that.

10)Thou shall never bake when mad, tipsy or in such a terrible hurry that the whole thing will literally blow up in your face. Baking under the influence of any of the above will likely end in less than happy results  so why bother? So many times I have baked when I shouldn’t have and it never ends well. Usually for me, it’s when I’m in a HUGE hurry and if that’s the case, go to the bakery my friends. You will be so much happier. Your kitchen will still be clean and the item you are bringing will not be missing sugar or some other essential ingredient and even though it is not homemade, it will be edible. Edible is always good.

Katina’s Greek Cookies
Makes about 3 dozen cookies
4 sticks of butter, room temperature or just barely softened
1/4 c. of granulated sugar (yes, it’s one fourth of a cup…no type-o)
2 egg YOLKS
2 Tablespoons pure vanilla extract
3 c. all purpose flour
1/4 t. salt
1/2 c. pulverized pecans

For dusting over the cookies: 2 c. powdered sugar

To make the cookies: Preheat your oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit. In a food processor, pulverize 1/2 c. of pecans.

In the bowl of a stand mixer, cream together butter and sugar and beat for about a minute on medium speed. Add egg YOLKS one at a time,beating in between each egg. Add vanilla and combine on low.

Mix your flour and salt together in a separate bowl with a wire whisk. Add the flour mixture to the butter mixture 1/2 at a time and beating on LOW in between. Scrape down the sides of the bowl. Add the pecans and mix on low until just combined. This batter is a little on the dry side…a little crumbly. That’s ok and is exactly how you WANT it. Don’t add more butter. You need them to hold their shape in the oven.

To form the crescents. Get a small spoon and scoop out about 1-2 Tablespoons of batter. Form it into a ball and place the small ball in the “c” or crook of your hand (between thumb and index finger).  Gently, press it into the crook and form the crescent. As you put the crescent down onto the cookie sheet, straighten it out a little if its crooked.

Bake for 15 minutes, until golden and a little firm.

Cool for only about 5 minutes, until they are able to be man handled.  I usually get a large paper plate for this part and dump my two coups of powdered sugar onto the plate.  I place about five cookies on top of the powdered sugar and then gently spoon some of the plate powdered sugar  over the top to cover entirely. Repeat with the rest of the cookies. Eat one warm…it’s really the best way. ;)

34 thoughts on “Cookie Baking 101 and Katina’s Greek Crescents

  1. These cookies look great! I love your 10 commandments of baking cookies, brings back memories of my food science classes in college. I like tip #5, in my food science class, our lab assignment was to bake muffins. My lab partner and I had to over mix the batter to 200 strokes to compare to other batters that were under mixed and mixed just right. It was such a fun class. Of course our dough was tough and didn’t rise. The texture was chewy, so I agree don’t over mix your batter! :)

  2. Baking is both art and science. I was always pretty awful in my science classes, so am extra proud of myself any time I manage a baked thing that turns out better than just-passable. It’s SO helpful to have expert scientific advice like this to make that more than just-possible!

    *And* the cookies are of a sort I tend to love, so thanks for the recipe too, dear Geni!

  3. thnx for the tips…i am constantly (and i WISH i was exaggerating) telling my neighbor to use BUTTER when she bakes…ugh she uses margarine for everything, it makes me so mad!

  4. btw, these look delightful! and sound yummy! ;)

  5. GREAT recipe and cookie 101 tips! Believe it or not – I actually follow every single one!

  6. These are wonderful baking tips! I should really invest in an oven thermometer.

  7. These cookies have the “Old World” look to them and I bet they taste wonderful. Your 10 Commandments are sound advice for novice bakers like myself and you’ve probably saved a few of us from making any number of mistakes. Thank you!

  8. I love your tips Geni! I’m particularly partial to number 4. I always remove my cookies at the very least 5 minutes before the recipe indicates. I love when cookies are slightly crispy on the outside, but so soft on the inside. YUM! And your family’s favorite cookies look delectable! :)

  9. Thanks for these tips. I suspect my oven does not reach the correct temperatures. I will invest in a cheap thermometer as you suggest. These tips are definately worth sharing!

  10. Haha i LOVE your tips and totally need to stick to them more often. I can’t tell you how often I’ve used a less-than-cool cookie sheet to bake cookies with. My bad.

  11. Yummi! Looks great, to bad I really can’t bake or cook. haha, But when I read your tips maybe I can try some more, Thank you :)

  12. Oh you should have heard the terror in Katherine’s voice when I got salted butter and she’d already mixed the dry ingredients. Our couch is comfy. Kidding! I love these rules.

  13. I am an occasional cookie maker and I LOVED all the thou shalts.. MY kind of language! c

  14. oh and the thou shalt NOTS! c

  15. I’ve baked cookies for, well,forever it seems and some of these tips I hadn’t head of before!

  16. Amen to your cookie commandments. Your crescent cookies look so light as they will melt in your mouth. I have not had one of these in ages and now I am craving one, well maybe a few…Take Care

  17. Love those buttery and melt-in-mouth crescents. Thank you for sharing the tips too.

  18. Fabulous Geni! Just fabulous! I think I’ve made almost every single one of those errors above and now live (mostly) by these rules. It took me ages to work out that melting my butter was not OK, and I really need soft butter to work with. And that putting two cookies trays in the oven at once is never, ever a short cut because undoubtedly one will either burn or not cook right (I also always have to turn mine as I’ve never had an oven that cooks evenly). And your rule about checking the cookies 5 minutes before they say is too true. I always pull out cookies just before I think they’re done. It’s hard to live by it, but essential.

    I’m going to go put this on Facebook, everyone should know these rules!

  19. Oh, Geni, you are so good to all of us. I’ve seen lists like this before, but never written with such wit. You crack me up – I feel like I’ve learned something and enjoyed it. Always a plus!

  20. OK, two things
    1. Is Sweet and Crumby on Facebook? Or am I just being dense today?
    2. Thanks for the snow tip from the last time I commented, I’ve very happy!

  21. I’m not going to lie, I’ve done all these things. I’m a very lazy and impatient baker. This is why I don’t do it often, many disasters ave taken place. :)

  22. Geni, these are great tips. I melted my butter and now know not to do it again the next time. Your Greek cookies look delicious. I’ve never seen a cookie sheet like yours before, it looks really neat.

  23. Your tips are absolutely wonderful as always Geni. I just love these Greek crescents.. an I can’t believe I never heard of them before. They definitely look delish!

  24. Oh my GOSH, #10 just cracked me the heck up. This is GOSPEL, people! Listen to the wise one. Have an awesome Christmas, Geni!

  25. Italians have a similar cookie like this; love the buttery nutty taste and texture. But now I see what I’ve done wrong all these years…. no drinking wine while baking!!

  26. Hahaha, this made me giggle

  27. Great post Geni,I think I have made every single mistake there lol I wish I had read this post years ago.
    Your family’s fav cookie sounds amazing!

  28. Fantastic list of Commandments, especially 9 and 10. :-)

  29. Not one rule I don’t agree with…spot on, Geni! Always say yes to unsalted butter and Parchment paper. These cookies sound fabbbulous! I thought I already ‘liked’ your page on fb, but I’ll go check again because I wasn’t able to tag you in a post this morning. Hmmm??

  30. Great looking cookies! I love the tip about taking the cookies out while they look underbaked… I think that’s where most beginning cookie bakers mess up!

  31. I like the 10th commandment, LOL. BTW I liked your FB page now :)

  32. Geni, love your 10 commandments…and these Greek cookies look great, would love to have a few of them just now. I like my cookies soft and chewy and my husband crispy, so I take my share of the cookies before and let his for a few more minutes :-)
    Happy Holidays to you and your loved ones!

  33. Great commandments and beautiful cookies!

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