How to Make The Perfect Cookie
Cookies are not tricky so you may wonder what I could possibly say about making them that would help you? Well, actually if you are an avid baker, I probably have nothing on you. BUT if you are in the group of people who bake a batch now and then and wonder why sometimes they come out great and other times they spread out like pancakes, and why sometimes they are a little tough but other times they are perfectly soft and chewy, well then you have come to the right post my friends.
Here are my own Geni’s Ten Commandments of Baking…with cookies in mind but will really help with almost all baking.
Fine print: Specific recipe instructions and grandma’s advice always trump anything here.
1) Thou shall only use UNSALTED real butter. Salt is an ingredient. Too much and your batter is too salty, too little and all of the flavors aren’t being amped up enough. So add in the amount of salt called for and don’t make it a guessing game by trying to figure out how much salt is already in your butter. Anything other than real butter is fake and au natural is always healthier and makes a better tasting cookie. Although, SOME recipes call for shortening and then you must use shortening because the texture requires shortening.
2) Thou shalt NEVER, EVER, and I mean EVER melt your butter to a liquid state or even to a mushy state (unless the recipe calls for melted butter). This will kill your batter like no body’s business. As fat melts, it releases air and moisture that has been trapped during the mixing stage, contributing to the rise of a cookie dough. If you let your butter melt when adding it to your mixture, your batter will be runnier and your cookies will spread out too much.
—-*If you forgot to leave out your butter for an hour before making your recipe, you have my permission to put your butter in a microwave safe dish (not plastic please…let’s make this chemical free butter) and stick it in the microwave for 10-14 seconds depending on your microwave. Mine happens to be 12 seconds. Best bet is to do 10 and touch the butter with your finger. If you can leave a fingerprint and its barely soft to the touch, it’s good and done. If it’s not, put it in for another few seconds…just a few! BTW…Never soften butter for pie dough. The colder the butter, the flakier the crust.
3)Thou shall ALWAYS preheat the oven for at least 15 minutes. In a preheated oven, the released moisture turns into steam. Steam and air expand as the internal temperature of cookie dough or batter increases. This pushes on the walls of surrounding air cells, increasing both size and volume of cookies. Don’t fall for the propaganda out there (yes there actually is propaganda on this subject) about saving energy and skipping the preheating stage. That advice is just as forthright as convincing you to buy ocean view property in Wyoming.
4)Thou shall take the cookies out of the oven BEFORE they look completely done UNLESS you like crispy cookies. My dad likes his chocolate chip cookies good and crisp, so mom this does not apply to you. Those of you who prefer soft and chewy cookies need to take them out when the cookies are just barely firm to the touch. They will continue to bake outside the oven until the internal part of the cookie reaches room temperature. During the cooling period, proteins and starch bond and solidify, making cookies firmer and more rigid.
5) Thou shalt not over mix the batter. This is especially true for pancakes. Creaming the butter with the sugar is perfectly OK and beating it together will allow more air to be worked into your mixture. Air is good. More air, better texture, more fluffy. BUT once you mix the DRY INGREDIENTS into the butter mixture or wet ingredients, gluten starts to form and this will toughen up your cookie.
6) Thou shall always scoop cookie dough onto a COOL COOKIE SHEET. If you take your cookie sheet out of the oven and are now ready for batch two, you cannot just go ahead and scoop away. Your cookies will begin to spread out too quickly and the dough will NOT hold its shape as well. Either have two cookie sheets going, one that’s cool and one that is just coming out of the oven, or simply let your cookie sheet totally cool off…like 10 minutes should be sufficient but honestly two cookie sheets is the best plan of attack.
7.) Thou shall not grease my cookie sheet NOR place aluminum foil on it UNLESS called for in the recipe. Cookies have tons of butter, right? Then they will not stick to the pan and greasing it will make the bottom burn and will cause them to spread out way too much. Aluminum foil will also cause them to spread out a bit more, brown more on the bottom and will cause them to be a bit crisper. If you like all those things, which many do, then in that case foil is A-OK. It does make clean-up easier, however truly parchment is a better option for baking instead. Parchment does not interfere with the cooking and almost nothing sticks to parchment.
8.)I like to call this one, “Are you hot or not?” Thou shall get a cheap oven thermometer and test the temperature of the oven. This way you know if you are really baking at 350 like you think you are. Also…if you are using a convection oven (with the convection on) then turn your oven down 25 degrees F below the recommended cooking temperature. The convection causes the temperature to raise a bit and cooking time, even after lowering the temperature, will usually be decreased by a few minutes. The best way to determine cooking time is to check on your cookies five minutes earlier than the recipe says and look for goldenness, edges to turn a bit darker than the middle and for the cookies to look a little firm and then finally give it the touch test.
9.)Thou shall only bake one cookie sheet in the middle rack of the oven at a time. Yes, it’s faster to put them both in and yes it can be done…see my tips later. BUT if you want perfect cookies they should be baked one sheet only on the middle rack. If you place a sheet below, the one below will ALWAYS cook faster and tend to be darker. To avoid this and still bake two sheets at once, switch the top and bottom one about half-way into the baking time. This will work but isn’t the best way. But let’s face it, time is of the essence in our fast paced lives. I am fully aware of that.
10)Thou shall never bake when mad, tipsy or in such a terrible hurry that the whole thing will literally blow up in your face. Baking under the influence of any of the above will likely end in less than happy results so why bother? So many times I have baked when I shouldn’t have and it never ends well. Usually for me, it’s when I’m in a HUGE hurry and if that’s the case, go to the bakery my friends. You will be so much happier. Your kitchen will still be clean and the item you are bringing will not be missing sugar or some other essential ingredient and even though it is not homemade, it will be edible. Edible is always good.